Munich Neuroscience Calendar

Event:

18.11.2019, 18:00 RTG 2175: Perception in Context and its Neural Basis

Event Type: Talk
Speaker: Margaret McCarthy
Institute: University of Maryland School of Medicine

Title: Surprising Origins of Sex Differences in the Brain

Location:
Small Lecture Hall B01.019
GroƟhadernerstr. 2
82152 Martinsried

Host: neuro.gender, RTG 2175, GSN
Host Email: winkler@bio.lmu.de
Abstract:
Elucidating the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which sex differences are developmentally programmed into the brain has been a central goal of neuroendocrinology since the discipline was formed half a century ago. Neuroanatomical sex differences range from cell number, to phenotype to dendritic morphology and synaptic patterning. Research emphasis has largely been on the intersection of steroids, neurotransmitters and growth/survival factors. Our laboratory has found a central role for a different source of neuromodulation, the neuroimmune system, and has discovered that at least two immune cells, microglia and mast cells, are critical partners in the process of brain masculinization. We further find that membrane derived signaling molecules, in particular the prostaglandins and endocannabinoids, are also essential drivers of the sexual differentiation process by modulating the activity of immune cells in the brain. Why males have higher levels of all of these is a mystery but may have its origins in the maternal immune system and its response to male fetuses during mammalian gestation. Combined, these surprising findings compel us to rethink our long established views of how steroids establish and maintain sex differences in brain and behavior.


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